Jurnal Hukum Legalita

Jurnal Hukum Legalita (Legalita) (P-ISSN: 1412-2480 and E-ISSN: 2776-7248) is a journal that published since 2019 by the Department of Law in collaboration with LPPM, Muhammadiyah University Kotabumi. Legalita is intended to be the university’s journal for publishing articles reporting the results of the fields of criminal law, civil law, constitutional law, state administrative law, as well as discussing social phenomena that exist in society and building a culture of law awareness from the results of research.

In addition, Legalita also includes a lot of research on law in a broader sense. The journal is published regularly (in July and December), and approved and ready-to-publish manuscripts will also be regularly published on the website (with an initial view).

Current Issue

Jurnal Hukum Legalita (Legalita) (P-ISSN: 1412-2480 and E-ISSN: 2776-7248) is a journal that published since 2019 by the Department of Law in collaboration with LPPM, Muhammadiyah University Kotabumi. Legalita is intended to be the university’s journal for publishing articles reporting the results of the fields of criminal law, civil law, constitutional law, state administrative law, as well as discussing social phenomena that exist in society and building a culture of law awareness from the results of research.

In addition, Legalita also includes a lot of research on law in a broader sense. The journal is published regularly (in July and December), and approved and ready-to-publish manuscripts will also be regularly published on the website (with an initial view).

Published
2022-07-20

Articles

TINJAUAN YURIDIS TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA PENYELEWENGAN DANA DESA

Studi pada Polres Lampung Barat

In accordance with Article 72 of Law 6 of 2014 concerning Rural Areas, village income sourced from the APBN or village funds comes from central spending by increasing the efficiency and equity of village programs. The amount of the budget allocation that is allocated directly to the village is set at 10%. the amount paid to the area (above). In addition, Law Number 6 of 2014 also strengthens the allocation of village funds (ADD) from district/city balancing funds. Given the enormous power of the village head in administering village government based on the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Number 72 of 2005 Article 14, it is necessary to review and balance the administration of village governance. The agency authorized to supervise village heads on village household expenditures is the BPD. The role of the village council as the controlling body of the village government requires responsibility and ability in carrying out its duties. It is also clear that according to the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia Number 72 of 2005, the BPD is an institution that embodies democracy under the leadership of the village government as part of the village administration with the village head.

ANALISIS HUKUM TERHADAP KENDALA PENYALURAN DANA BANTUAN SOSIAL TUNAI (BST) KEPADA MASYARAKAT YANG TERDAMPAK COVID-19 DI INDONESIA

The spread of the coronavirus, the cause of which has not been determined, still thought by animals to be transmitted to humans. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced this corona virus as a pandemic with the percentage of people infected. In Indonesia, this pandemic has caused people to become consumptive and do panic buying. As a result, it affects almost all Indonesian people. The President also issued Regulations. governments substitutes. laws to reduce the impact of the covid-19 pandemic that occurred. The Perppu can be a legal basis to prevent the further spread of the coronavirus, helping people affected by the coronavirus both in terms of economy and financial stability. The solution provided by the government is in the form of basic food packages,.cash social.assistance (BST).and.direct.cash assistance (BLT).  

UPAYA PENANGGULANGAN TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA PENCURIAN MODUS GANJAL ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM)

Studi Pada Polres Lampung Barat

One of the Bank's services is the launch of an ATM card (Automated Teller Machine). Literally ATM can be interpreted as an automatic cash register or often called an Automated Teller Machine which means an automatic cash register without a person, placed inside or outside the bank's yard that can issue cash and handle routine banking transactions, such as depositing, withdrawing money, transfer between accounts, settlement or payment of credit card bills. However, at this time many ATM facilities provided by the Bank have been misused by criminals to commit crimes, one of which is the wedge trick mode, this wedge trick is an ATM card entered by a customer who is inserted into this ATM can enter but will be difficult to get out. as if the ATM card was swallowed by the machine even though it was only stuck, this crime with the jamming mode can be classified as a criminal act of theft by violating the provisions of Article 363 of the Criminal Code. The problem approach in this study uses a normative approach, which is done by approaching the problem from a legal perspective, discussing and then reviewing books, statutory provisions and those related to the problems to be discussed. The results of the study concluded that efforts to overcome the crime of theft of the Automated Teller Machine (ATM) block mode by the West Lampung Police are through penal efforts (criminal law) and non-penal efforts (not / outside of criminal law), in addition to efforts made by the Police West Lampung in this response is carried out by increasing the activity of raids, patrols and guarding, but only when a crime occurs, does not involve the surrounding community and parties from the Bank and there is no cooperation with other parties and the West Lampung Police officers are inconsistent in carrying out operations/patrols. to prevent the most likely crime of theft by breaking into Automated Teller Machines (ATM). The inhibiting factors are internal factors and external factors, where internal factors include law enforcement itself. The imbalance of the rules used makes these crimes still increase from year to year. External factors include the lack of care and awareness from the public who do not report to the police. In addition to other inhibiting factors, namely the law that regulates it, law enforcement officers and legal culture factors.

IMPLEMENTASI HUKUM PIDANA TERHADAP PELECEHAN SEKSUAL ANAK DI BAWAH UMUR DI ERA GENERASI MILENIAL DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN BANGKA TENGAH BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 35 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG PERLINDUNGAN ANAK

Criminal threats in the Child Protection Law, especially the articles on sexual harassment and sexual violence (the Child Protection Law states "committing violence to force children to have intercourse), where the minimum criminal threat and the maximum criminal threat are all the same, both harassment and sexual violence (rape). So, according to the author, if so, it means that the law considers sexual harassment to be the same as rape even though it is not, because sexual harassment is the act of someone who abuses a child, whether it's a girl or a boy, either by hugging him, kissing him, holding his injured limbs. considered taboo, the perpetrators of sexual harassment are threatened with imprisonment for a minimum of 5 (five) years and a maximum of 15 (fifteen) years. Meanwhile, if someone commits violence or forces a child to have sexual intercourse, the perpetrator is also only threatened with a minimum imprisonment of 5 (five) years and a maximum of 15 (fifteen) years, so that between perpetrators of sexual harassment and perpetrators of sexual violence the threat is the same. Meanwhile, sanctions for perpetrators of violence against children, both physical violence, psychological violence, sexual crimes, and neglect are regulated in Law Number 35 of 2014.

HAK-HAK TAHANAN DALAM MASA COVID-19 DI RUMAH TAHANAN NEGARA KELAS II B KOTABUMI

Indonesia is a country based on law (rechtsstaat). This has a legal consequence that in the Indonesian state, the implementation of state power in a broad sense must and must always be based on law, because that law gives legitimacy as well as provides boundaries that are the authority of the state (government). A suspect who is detained and whose rights are violated can use legal instruments in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations in order to obtain legal certainty and a sense of justice for himself, especially in the protection and implementation of the rights of a detained suspect. The spread of the Covid-19 virus (Corona Virus Disease 2019) which occurred from the beginning of 2020 until now has had a major impact on the Correctional Persons, hereinafter referred to as WBP, in the Class II B State Detention Center in Kotabumi. So the question arises, How are the rights of prisoners in the Class II B State Detention Center in Kotabumi implemented? What efforts can be made by detainees if the implementation of prisoners' rights at the Class II B Kotabumi State Detention Center is not in accordance with the laws and regulations? The approach method used by the author in this study is a mixed approach, namely normative and empirical. The normative approach is the approach that the author obtained through books and laws and regulations, both those regulated in the Act, the Criminal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and other regulations related to the writing of this thesis. The empirical approach is the approach that the author obtained through the interview process and collecting information through the State Detention Center Class II B Kotabumi. Based on the results of this study, the authors conclude that the rights of WBP prisoners and temporary detainees have been well fulfilled, such as in the case of the program to reduce prison terms during the Covid-19 pandemic, which has been fulfilled in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. However, it would be better if the correctional officers paid more attention to the rights of prisoners related to the prevention of the Covid-19 virus in accordance with government recommendations and applicable government regulations. Considering that there are quite a number of WBP in the Class II B State Detention Center in Kotabumi, so there is a need for additional guidance by supervisory officers for prisoners properly and effectively. The lack of guidance in the detention center occurs because of obstacles, one of which is seen from external factors, namely in the form of a lack of coaching funds, coaching staff, and facilities and infrastructure. So, it would be nice if the existing obstacles can be met so that the coaching can run well.

REKONSTRUKSI PERKARA SEBAGAI UPAYA DALAM MENGUNGKAP KEJAHATAN

In essence, law enforcement is a process of adjustment between values, rules and real behavior patterns that aim to achieve peace, so that the main task of law enforcement itself is actually an effort, activity or work so that the law is upright and peace is maintained. stand up. In order to achieve this goal, there must be an adjustment between values ​​or rules and the real behavior faced by law enforcers. Law enforcement, which is a process of concretizing an abstract form of law into a concrete one, means that laws and regulations are meaningless if they are not applied concretely by law enforcement officials. In law enforcement itself, it is necessary to have evidence activities that can be used by law enforcers (investigators) in this case to take other actions, including reconstructing. In this case, the police in carrying out law enforcement use their coercive power to obtain clear evidence that is in accordance with law enforcement when viewed from the point of view of the subject, law enforcement can be carried out by a broad subject and can also be interpreted as law enforcement efforts that involve all subjects. law in every legal relationship. In a narrow sense, in terms of the subject matter, law enforcement is only defined as the efforts of certain law enforcement officials to guarantee and ensure that the law is enforced, if necessary, law enforcement officials are allowed to use force. Law enforcement efforts are divided into two, namely by penal (criminal law) and non-penal (outside criminal law). In this case, reconstruction is included in the penal method, namely to enforce the law for the victim so that the incident that caused harm to the victim can be revealed so that the real incident is clear. This also applies to law enforcement against suspects, meaning that in the reconstruction the suspect needs to be proven whether it is true that the suspect committed the crime or not. The implementation of reconstruction or other activities carried out by police investigators must have the basis of the laws and regulations governing it. Without the rules that regulate it, it can be said that law enforcers themselves do not enforce the law, even against the law.

IMPLEMENTASI PERMA NOMOR 02 TAHUN 2012 TENTANG PENYESUAIAN BATASAN TINDAK PIDANA RINGAN DAN JUMLAH DENDA DALAM KUHP TERHADAP PELAKU PENCURIAN RINGAN

Tipiring menurut ketentuan KUHP merupakan perbuatan pidana yang dikatagorikan sebagai perbuatan yang tidak berbahaya yaitu perbuatan pidana yang ancaman hukumannya paling lama  3 (tiga) bulan atau denda sebesar Rp. 7.500 (tujuh ribu lima ratus rupiah). Kasus tipiring ini umumnya diselesaikan dengan mengunakan pendekatan restoratif justice di tingkat Kepolisian. Namun pendekatan restorative justice terkadang dinilai kurang memenuhi rasa keadilan, baik korban, keluarga korban dan masyarakat. Oleh karena itu Mahkamah Agung Indonesia mengeluarkan peraturan yang bekenaaan dengan masalah tersebut yaitu Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 02 Tahun 2012 tentang Penyesuaian Batasan Tindak Pidana Ringan dan Jumlah Denda Dalam KUHP. Untuk membatasi permasalahan dalam penelitian ini diperlukan tujuan pendekatan masalah, tujuannya agar penelitian ini semakin terarah dan memudahkan penulis dalam membahasnya. Penelitian ini  menggunakan metode secara normatif, dan metode secara empiris. Keseluruhan yang telah diperoleh dianalisis kembali secara diskriptif kualitatif, diklasifikasikan dan dipisahkan sesuai dengan pokok permasalahannya sehingga dapat ditarik seuatu kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian disimpulkan implementasi hukuman terhadap pelaku tipiring dalam perkara No. 2/Pid.C/2020/PN Kbu bahwa dalam perkara tindak pidana ringan ini pelaksanaan putusannya dilakukan pada hari itu juga hal ini berlaku untuk semua tindak pidana ringan contohnya perkara lalu lintas hal ini untuk menghindari jangan sampai banyaknya kasus yang menumpuk di pengadilan dan putusan perkara ini cukup dicatat dibuku register lalu ditandatangi panitera dan hakim yang memimpin sidang tersebut.

UPAYA KEPOLISIAN POLRES LAMPUNG BARAT DALAM MENANGGULANGI TINDAK PIDANA PENCURIAN MODUS GANJAL ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM)

Automated Teller Machine atau dalam bahasa sehari-hari disebut dengan ATM merupakan sebuah alat yang disediakan oleh pihak Bank bagi nasabahnya untuk memudahkan para nasabahnya untuk melakukan transaksi keuangan secara rutin, seperti penarikan, penyetoran, pembayaran kartu kredit, mentransfer antara sesama Bank atau kepada Bank lain. Akan tetapi saat ini meskipun mesin ATM tersebut telah ditempatkan/diletakkan di area sekitar Bank dan dijaga oleh Satuan Pengamanan (satpam) namun masih saja para pelaku kejahatan masih dapat melakukan aksi kejahatannya dengan berbagai modus operansi, salah satunya dengan melakukan modus ganjal, trik ganjal ini kartu ATM yang masuk oleh nasabah yang dimasukkan ke dalam ATM ini bisa masuk tapi akan sulit untuk keluar seolah-olah kartu ATM ditelan oleh mesin padahal hanya terganjal, kejahatan dengan modus ganjal ini dapat dikualisifikasikan sebagai tindak pidana pencurian dengan memberatan melanggar ketentuan Pasal  363 KUHP. Pendekatan masalah dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan normatif, yang dilakukan dengan cara mendekati permasalahan dari segi hukum, membahas kemudian mengkaji tentang buku-buku, ketentuan perundang-undangan  dan yang berhubunganya dengan masalah yang akan dibahas.  Hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa upaya Kepolisian Polres Lampung Barat dalam menanggulangi  tindak pidana ini dilakukan dengan upaya hukum dan upaya diluar hukum (penal dan non penal).

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